Interior of Holy Trinity before the galleries were removed


While the architectural qualities of Holy Trinity are of considerable interest and warrant it being regarded as one of the architectural gems of the City it must also be viewed in the context of the social and economic context of the area which it served.


Holy Trinity was a new creation. Consecrated in 1719 it was one of very few new churches built in the late 17th Century – early Hanoverian period. Indeed the Parish of Sunderland was a new creation, carved from the much larger parish of Bishopwearmouth. The former has an extent of 220 acres while the latter was 9,500 acres. However the establishment of the new parish was recognition of the great significance of this small patch of Sunderland and the businessmen who orchestrated this.